Idaho Official Government Website

Agriculture and Land Use


Idaho Department of Agriculture

The Department of Agriculture oversees Idaho’s agricultural and livestock industries and ag-related businesses, including:

  • farming, ranching
  • livestock operations, including bison and cervidae (elk, deer)
  • egg distributors
  • nurseries (plants), landscapers and florists
  • commodity dealers, seed buyers, produce warehouses/storage facilities
  • dairies
  • feed lots/large scale animal containment – cattle, swine, poultry (CAFO)
  • livestock auctions and sales
  • fish farms (aquaculture)
  • commercial bee keepers
  • pesticide applicators
  • organic farming and produce
  • organic fertilizer manufacturers
  • farmer’s markets, fruit stands and other seasonal food-related activities. See Establishing a Farmers Market in Idaho
  • specialty foods programs: Starting a Specialty Food Business in Idaho

The Department also manages programs to control noxious weeds and invasive insects and monitors Idaho’s Agricultural Water Quality Program, as well as the following programs:

Bureau of Weights and Measures:  Oversees the following: 

  • inspection and certification of weighing and metering devices, including scales and fuel pumps
  • inspection of packaged products to ensure net contents meet labeled weight, volume or count
  • monitors the octane labeling of fuel products

Businesses and individuals who repair or maintain weighing and metering devices are licensed by the Bureau.


Idaho and U.S. Departments of Labor

Agricultural Workers – Employers of temporary foreign agricultural workers must be certified through the H-2A Temporary Agricultural Program to bring workers into the U.S.

Farm Labor Contractors – The Department of Labor licenses Farm Labor Contractors who represent domestic migrant and seasonal farm laborers. See Idaho Department of Labor Farmworker Services for details.


Idaho Department of Lands

Manages state lands and activities occurring on them, including: